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How to install Homer SIPCapture Server in CentOS 7?


Introduction

HOMER is a robust, carrier-grade, scalable SIP Capture system and VoiP Monitoring Application offering HEP/EEP, IP Proto4 (IPIP) encapsulation & port mirroring/monitoring support right out of the box, ready to process & store insane amounts of signaling, logs and statistics with instant search, end-to-end analysis and drill-down capabilities for ITSPs, VoIP Providers and Trunk Suppliers using SIP signaling protocol.

Reference: https://github.com/sipcapture/homer/

Methodology

Following is the step by step guide for installing Homer with Kamailio SIP Proxy.

Step # 1

First of install some of the dependencies of the Homer & Kamailio:

Installing dependencies with yum.

# Dependencies
$ sudo yum -y install epel-release
$ sudo yum update
$ sudo yum -y install httpd mariadb-server mariadb mysql mysql-devel php php-mysql php5-mysql wireshark bison pcre-devel libpcap-devel flex git

Step # 2

You can skip this step if you have already setup database and Apache Server.

Start Mariadb and set root password for the databases:

$ systemctl start mariadb
$ mysql_secure_installation


Edit Apache Configurations file:

$ sudo vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf


Update the http.conf file with following contents:

...
<directory html="" var="" www="">

   Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
   AllowOverride All
   Order allow,deny
   allow from all
</directory>
...


After making above changes in Mariadb and Apache, you can restart services and enable them to start after boot.

$ sudo systemctl start httpd.service
$ sudo systemctl enable httpd.service
$ sudo systemctl enable mariadb

Step # 3

In this step, we are going to download source of Homer API and UI and place the code at the appropriate locations.

# Homer $ cd /usr/src/
$ sudo git clone https://github.com/sipcapture/homer-api.git
$ sudo git clone https://github.com/sipcapture/homer-ui.git

$ mkdir /opt/sipcapture
$ sudo cp -rf /usr/src/homer-ui/* /var/www/html/
$ sudo cp -rf /usr/src/homer-api/api/ /var/www/html/
$ sudo cp -rf /usr/src/homer-api/scripts/* /opt/sipcapture/
$ sudo chmod -R a+x /opt/sipcapture/

Step # 4

In this step, we are going to setup Homer Database user, password and tables.

Please make sure that you have changed following file with your desired credentials:

$ sudo vi /usr/src/homer-api/sql/homer_user.sql

Please change db-username and db-password parameters as below:

...
CREATE USER ''@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '';
GRANT ALL ON homer_configuration.* TO ''@'localhost';
GRANT ALL ON homer_statistic.* TO ''@'localhost';
GRANT ALL ON homer_data.* TO ''@'localhost';
...


Now save and close the file.

You can install Homer databases schema with following commands:

$ mysql -u root -p < /usr/src/homer-api/sql/homer_user.sql
$ mysql -u root -p homer_data < /usr/src/homer-api/sql/schema_data.sql
$ mysql -u root -p homer_configuration < /usr/src/homer-api/sql/schema_configuration.sql
$ mysql -u root -p homer_statistic < /usr/src/homer-api/sql/schema_statistic.sql

Step # 5

You can setup crontab to rotate sipcapture homer_data database tables after one day.

Change Database username and password in below file:

sudo vi /opt/sipcapture/rotation.ini

Please change db-username and db-password parameters as below:

...
[MYSQL]
user=
password=
host=localhost
port=3306
db_data = homer_data
db_stats = homer_statistic
# Extra param
newtables = 2 # Create new tables or partitions for next 2 days
engine = InnoDB #MyISAM or InnoDB
compress=ROW_FORMAT=COMPRESSED KEY_BLOCK_SIZE=8
...


Save and close the file.

$ sudo crontab -e -u root
...
30 3 * * * /opt/sipcapture/homer_rotate > /dev/null 2>&1
...


Save and close the file.

You have to manually run the rotate file as below:

$ sudo /opt/sipcapture/homer_rotate

Make sure that it has created tables with current date in homer_data database otherwise you have to rename the tables.

Step # 6

In this step, we are going to install Kamailio to capture SIP packets.

Download and Install Kamailio from source:

$ cd /usr/src/
$ sudo git clone --depth 1 https://github.com/kamailio/kamailio kamailio
$ cd kamailio
$ sudo make FLAVOUR=kamailio include_modules="db_mysql sipcapture pv textops rtimer xlog sqlops htable sl siputils" cfg
$ sudo make all
$ sudo make install 



In order to configure Kamailio, following actions are required.

$ sudo cp /usr/src/homer-api/examples/sipcapture/sipcapture.kamailio /usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamailio.cfg
$ sudo vi /usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamailio.cfg


Edit kamailio.cfg with database credentials and your Server IP (replace X.X.X.X with your Server IP):

...
#!substdef "!HOMER_DB_USER!!g"
#!substdef "!HOMER_DB_PASSWORD!!g"
#!substdef "!HOMER_LISTEN_PROTO!udp!g"
#!substdef "!HOMER_LISTEN_IF!X.X.X.X!g"
#!substdef "!HOMER_LISTEN_PORT!9060!g"
#!substdef "!HOMER_STATS_SERVER!tcp:HOMER_LISTEN_IF:8888!g"
...


Save and close the file.

Starting Kamailio with following command;

$ sudo kamailio
Listening on
udp: X.X.X.X:9060
Aliases:
udp: sipcatpure.example.com:9060

Step # 7

In this step, we are going to make final configuration changes for Homer UI:

$ cd /var/www/html/api/
$ sudo cp /var/www/html/api/preferences_example.php /var/www/html/api/preferences.php
$ sudo cp /var/www/html/api/configuration_example.php /var/www/html/api/configuration.php
$ sudo chmod 777 /tmp


Determine the executable paths of tshark and egrep for writing in configuration.php.

$ which tshark
/usr/sbin/tshark

$ which egrep
/usr/bin/egrep


Edit the configuration file for Homer UI:

$ sudo vi /var/www/html/api/configuration.php


Change your database credentials and executable paths of tshark and egrep determined as above:

...
if(!defined('HOMER_CONFIGURATION')):
define('HOMER_CONFIGURATION', 1);
/*********************************************************************************/
/* AUTH DB homer. User and Configuration */
define('DB_HOSTNAME', "localhost");
define('DB_PORT', 3306);
define('DB_USERNAME', "");
define('DB_PASSWORD', "");
define('DB_CONFIGURATION', "homer_configuration");
define('DB_STATISTIC', "homer_statistic");
define('DB_HOMER', "homer_data");
define('SINGLE_NODE', 1);

/*********************************************************************************/

/* webHomer Settings
* Adjust to reflect your system preferences
*/

define('PCAPDIR', ROOT."/tmp/");
define('WEBPCAPLOC',"/tmp/");

/* Tshark settings for ISUP analyse */
define('TSHARK_ENABLED',1);
define('TSHARK_PATH','/usr/sbin/tshark');
define('EGREP','/usr/bin/egrep');

/* INCLUDE preferences */

include_once("preferences.php");

endif;

?>
... 



Edit the preferences file needed for configurations.

sudo vi /var/www/html/api/preferences.php


Change X.X.X.X to your Server IP Address and email addresses:

...
define('ALARM_FROMEMAIL',"homer@example.com");
define('ALARM_TOEMAIL',"user01@example.com");
...
define('REMOTE_LOG_URL', "http://X.X.X.X:9200");
...
define('EXTERNAL_AUTH_URI', "http://X.X.X.X/api/request");
...

Step # 8

Now you have successfully installed Homer SIPCapture Server and you can login the server with following credentials and replace X.X.X.X with your server IP.

URL: http://X.X.X.X/
Username: admin
Password: test123

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